Ethical Considerations

Science and  Ethics of Water FluoridationJournal of the Canadian Dental  Ass'n. 2001, Vol. 67 No.10: 578-580  ” It is our contention that water fluoridation, by the very nature of the way it is administered, engenders a number of moral dilemmas that do not admit to any easy solution. In this paper, we attempt to elucidate the particular problems posed by this public health initiative, according to the principles of bioethics.”

Fluoridation: A Violation of Medical Ethics and Human RightsDouglas Cross and R. J. Carton, Ph.D. International Journal of Public Health: 2003:9:24-29. From the introduction: “Silicofluorides, widely used in water fluoridation, are unlicensed medicinal substances, administered to large populations without informed consent or supervision by a qualified medical practitioner. Fluoridation fails the test of reliability and specificity, and, lacking toxicity testing of silicofluorides, constitutes unlawful medical research.”

Fluoridation vs. Informed Consent Michael Connett. Fluoridation Action Network July 10, 2001.

“One of the problems with fluoridation of public water is that it violates a key tenet of medical ethics - the principle of informed consent.”

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